believe the forwarders are clear that customs declaration is a process for customs, and inspection is an important means.Then what is customs control inspection?What about the contents, methods, and results of the inspections?Here, we have compiled some common questions about inspection for your reference only.
Inspection is an important means of customs supervision, and customs declaration is just a procedure. According to their own experience, the customs will carry out random inspection and arrangement inspection on some sensitive names according to the policies at that time, and sometimes specify the information of verification on the arrangement instructions.At the time of inspection, we will open the box to check whether the materials are consistent with the customs declaration, such as product name, quantity, weight, declared value, etc., and confirm whether there is any fraudulent tax, exemption from commodity inspection, and incorrect HS code classification.
What is customs control inspection?
Customs control and inspection of import and export goods can be divided into computer control and manual control:
1. The customs classifies the import and export goods and sets risk parameters.The higher the risk parameters of import and export goods, the higher the probability of computer control.
2. In some customs areas, most risk parameters of import and export goods are relatively low, that is, the import and export goods are subject to random control inspection according to certain probability.
(2) manual control
1. During the process of declaration or inspection and release of import and export goods, if the customs officer considers that the content of declaration is not clear or in doubt during the manual examination of customs declaration, the manual operation can issue the control instruction on the customs computer to check whether the goods conform to the single goods.
2. The customs (including the anti-smuggling bureau) has been manually controlled for inspection due to the illegal and illegal phenomenon of a certain import and export goods, which leads to the increase of the same or related goods risk parameters of the import and export of other enterprises.
3. The customs (including the anti-smuggling bureau) receives the news (i.e. report) that there is something wrong with an import and export cargo. When the import and export of the cargo is under manual control by the customs officer or the anti-smuggling bureau issues the notice of monitoring and inspection to the customs field operators to inspect the cargo.
4. The relationship between the company and the customs is not good, and the import and export goods are controlled for inspection.
Another case is that the company has a record of violation of laws and regulations. The credit rating of the company is reduced to category C and D in the customs. The goods imported and exported by the company will basically be checked by computer or manual control.
(3) fees for inspection
There is a big misunderstanding here. The customs inspection fee refers to the fees generated by the customs inspection, not the inspection fee charged by the customs.During customs inspection, the customs will not accept a penny, but the owner and agent must move the goods to the customs designated inspection site, break up the packaging as required by the customs, and the cost of using dock resources and manpower in this process shall be borne by the guests themselves.There are many charging departments for these fees generated by inspection, and the freight forwarder or customs broker is different from the settlement methods of these charging departments. Some are cash on the spot, and the charging department will issue fees indicating the goods, some are monthly statement, without separate invoices.Therefore, the freight forwarder or customs broker cannot present the check expense invoice issued by the specific charge department to the customer, only the list of various expenses can be listed. If the customer does not believe what the freight forwarder or customs broker says, the rate can be verified with the relevant specific charge department.
The composition of inspection fee: inspection fee, tunneling fee, agent fee, yangshan port delivery fee, incidental fee, crane fee, weighing fee, short transit fee, storage fee, unpacking fee, handling fee, sealing fee, etc.The customs will charge for the storage of the container for the inspection of the shipment date.If the goods are miscellaneous and not easy to find, there will be clearance fee.The above fee is calculated according to the box type.If the goods are detained after inspection, there will be charges for the boxes and tally.Yangshan post processing, cargo clearance and pick up according to the number of yangshan to collect agent fees.From 2011, Shanghai port area requires each inspection cabinet to change the tally (change the seal number after inspection) to the tally company, 50/ container;There is a notice for inspection in the outer port. Yangshan does not have a notice for inspection at present, but the bill of lading number, ship's name, container number and other information are shown on the invoice for inspection.
What's the difference between LCL and FCL
The inspection of LCL may be a headache for the shipper, especially for the small value. Some shippers don't understand that my goods are worth only several hundred dollars and less than one cubic meter.This is really sorry, check does not see the value of goods, LCL sometimes LCL big container sometimes LCL small container, the specific cost refers to the whole container, so LCL sometimes only a few cubic meters but inspection fee is more expensive than the whole container.
(v) how to conduct the customs clearance inspection
Generally, customs personnel will start to cut the container from the leftmost or the last side of the container, with half cut in half and all cut in the end.Check the declared products one by one according to the customs declaration;Single name is easy to check;If the product name is very complex and the customs cannot find the product name, the owner should provide the packing location and label information of the product or ask the owner to provide detailed packing list.If none of the above information is available, the entire cabinet needs to be cleared for inspection, which is very expensive.
(vi) are there any rules for inspection?
Although the inspection seems to be random, it is more or less regular.For example, the time of customs declaration should not be too late, especially not on Friday afternoon. For example, the declaration elements should be specified in detail.For example, in the current policy, if the tax refund of a certain commodity is adjusted at a certain time, the inspection rate of the product name may be increased during this period, for fear of tax fraud.For example, the annual festival, the general inspection rate will have increased.
What if the goods in question are inspected?
Once the inspection notice is issued, the forwarder should inform the owner of the goods at the first time.If there is a problem with the goods, they need to be checked carefully.The normal process is like this. The forwarder will get the notification from the customs broker that the goods need to be inspected, but not immediately. With the help of the scheduled time, it is necessary to make clear what problems the goods have at this time and whether other channels are needed to avoid the detention of the goods.
Most customs clearance can be solved if the problem is not serious. As for the cost, it is impossible to say how much, the cost will be different under different circumstances.This charge and inspection fee are two different things, because there is no invoice, no receipt, would not be willing to give all depends on the consignor's meaning, if not willing to go the normal procedure, this needs the consignor and the consignor's trust.Going through the normal procedure is to assume that the problem is found out, and the customs will ask the owner to write the situation statement, such as the HS code is wrong, why it is wrong, whether it is deliberately defrauded tax, why it is not done commodity inspection, etc., sometimes it may just need to reclassify or make up for commodity inspection.If the customs does not accept the explanation, it shall make corresponding circulation according to the customs procedures. If the circumstances are serious, it shall be dealt with by the narcotics division.